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I have an observation. One pill at this dosage would probably kill Kevin. Fentanyl is dosed in mcg, not mg. The Rx should also say 1 sublingual tab Q6h. I'm betting any pharmacist would recognize this Rx as fraudulent. That said, even 40mcg could have a devastating effect if not opioid tolerant.

I have an observation. One pill at this dosage would probably kill Kevin. Fentanyl is dosed in mcg, not mg. The Rx should also say 1 sublingual tab Q6h. I'm betting any pharmacist would recognize this Rx as fraudulent. That said, even 40mcg could have a devastating effect if not opioid tolerant. submitted by lrebs19 to thisisus [link] [comments]

I bet Tommy is Barra swapping the RX-8

I bet Tommy is Barra swapping the RX-8 submitted by Dream_Haus to HaggardGarage [link] [comments]

09-15 20:03 - 'I bet the autopsy reads as male.' by /u/Ailm3nt_Rx removed from /r/news within 5-15min

I bet the autopsy reads as male.
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: Ailm3nt_Rx
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

Betting On The RX 480

I've been inspired by the troll posts here from people claiming that the RX 480 presents a danger to motherboards everywhere. The plain fact of the matter is that the power control circuitry on the RX 480 is probably the best ever seen on a consumer reference card, the reports of overcurrent are limited to ridiculous test scenarios that exceed the card's useful applications.
Anyone telling you the RX 480 is a danger to your motherboard is lying. I'm so certain of this that I will put my own cash at stake to prove it.
I presented this offer to a fairly obvious troll here, but I'll repeat the terms for clarity.
I will accept this wager from the first person willing to take up the challenge by 11:15am UTC on July 4th. I propose the following wager:
Both sides will enter a legally binding contract and place an equal amount of money in escrow. This amount will be the cost of two Radeon RX 480 4GB video cards plus the cost of a motherboard (of the challenger's choosing) which supports AMD Crossfire (CPU and other components required for the test are to be provided by myself).
I will purchase two RX 480s and the selected motherboard and run them according to the formula below. Suitable arrangements for monitoring time spent using the GPUs will be agreed on by both parties and a third, neutral party who will be responsible for adjudicating the outcome.
The duration of the wager will be for 4,700 hours of active use of the GPUs, either gaming (at demanding settings near 60 FPS at 1080p) or crypto currency mining, at the challenger's discretion. If crypto currency mining is selected, the challenger will keep any proceeds but will pay for estimated power consumed at $0.11/kWh. If gaming is selected, I will make a good faith effort to push both cards to their limits for the designated time, and will use a tracking service (e.g., Raptr) to provide validation. This equates to 12 hours of daily use for 5 days per week for 18 months.
If the motherboard remains functional, including both PCIe slots utilized by these GPUs, the outcome of the wager will be decided in my favor, and I will collect from the challenger only the cost of the parts used for the wager. If the motherboard is deemed to be damaged by the overcurrent of the GPUs, the challenger will win the wager, recouping his own cost plus the price of the components.
This is contingent on the challenger's willingness to submit to a neutral third party escrow and adjudication. I propose we use a mod from this sub to verify and adjudicate, but will accept alternate proposals within reason. All prices and amounts will be calculated in USD and escrow must be established before the wager begins.
So who's willing to accept the challenge? Let's see just how "dangerous" a Radeon RX 480 is.
submitted by CummingsSM to Amd [link] [comments]

[Sports] - Is Rodriguez's return the Rx for Red Sox rotation? Boston is betting on it

[Sports] - Is Rodriguez's return the Rx for Red Sox rotation? Boston is betting on it submitted by AutoNewsAdmin to ESPNauto [link] [comments]

GeForce RTX 3090 Review Megathread

GeForce RTX 3090 Review Megathread

GeForce RTX 3090 reviews are up.

Image Link - GeForce RTX 3090 Founders Edition

Reminder: Do NOT buy from 3rd Party Marketplace Seller on Ebay/Amazon/Newegg (unless you want to pay more). Assume all the 3rd party sellers are scalping. If it's not being sold by the actual retailer (e.g. Amazon selling on or Newegg selling on then you should treat the product as sold out and wait.

Below is the compilation of all the reviews that have been posted so far. I will be updating this continuously throughout the day with the conclusion of each publications and any new review links. This will be sorted alphabetically.

Written Articles

Anandtech - TBD

Arstechnica - TBD


NVIDIA says that the RTX 3080 is the gaming card and the RTX 3090 is the hybrid creative card – but we respectfully disagree. The RTX 3090 is the flagship gaming card that can also run intensive creative apps very well, especially by virtue of its huge 24GB framebuffer. But it is still not an RTX TITAN nor a Quadro. These cards cost a lot more and are optimized specifically for workstations and also for professional and creative apps.
However, for RTX 2080 Ti gamers who paid $1199 and who have disposable cash for their hobby – although it has been eclipsed by the RTX 3080 – the RTX 3090 Founders Edition which costs $1500 is the card to maximize their upgrade. And for high-end gamers who also use creative apps, this card may become a very good value. Hobbies are very expensive to maintain, and the expense of PC gaming pales in comparison to what golfers, skiers, audiophiles, and many other hobbyists pay for their entertainment. But for high-end gamers on a budget, the $699 RTX 3080 will provide the most value of the two cards. We cannot call the $1500 RTX 3090 a “good value” generally for gamers as it is a halo card and it absolutely does not provide anywhere close to double the performance of a $700 RTX 3080.
However, for some professionals, two RTX 3090s may give them exactly what they need as it is the only Ampere gaming card to support NVLink providing up to 112.5 GB/s of total bandwidth between two GPUs which when SLI’d together will allow them to access a massive 48GB of vRAM. SLI is no longer supported by NVIDIA for gaming, and emphasis will be placed on mGPU only as implemented by game developers.

Digital Foundry Article

Digital Foundry Video

So there we have it. The RTX 3090 delivers - at best - 15 to 16 per cent more gaming performance than the RTX 3080. In terms of price vs performance, there is only one winner here. And suffice to say, we would expect to see factory overclocked RTX 3080 cards bite into the already fairly slender advantage delivered by Nvidia's new GPU king. Certainly in gaming terms then, the smart money would be spend on an RTX 3080, and if you're on a 1440p high refresh rate monitor and you're looking to maximise price vs performance, I'd urge you to look at the RTX 2080 Ti numbers in this review: if Nvidia's claims pan out, you'll be getting that and potentially more from the cheaper still RTX 3070. All of which raises the question - why make an RTX 3090 at all?
The answers are numerous. First of all, PC gaming has never adhered to offering performance increases in line with the actual amount of money spent. Whether it's Titans, Intel Extreme processors, high-end motherboards or performance RAM, if you want the best, you'll end up paying a huge amount of money to attain it. This is only a problem where there are no alternatives and in the case of the RTX 3090, there is one - the RTX 3080 at almost half of the price.
But more compelling is the fact that Nvidia is now blurring the lines between the gaming GeForce line and the prosumer-orientated Quadro offerings. High-end Quadro cards are similar to RTX 3090 and Titan RTX in several respects - usually in that they deliver the fully unlocked Nvidia silicon paired with huge amounts of VRAM. Where they differ is in support and drivers, something that creatives, streamers or video editors may not wish to pay even more of a premium for. In short, RTX 3090 looks massively expensive as a gamer card, but compared to the professional Quadro line, there are clear savings.
In the meantime, RTX 3090 delivers the Titan experience for the new generation of graphics hardware. Its appeal is niche, the halo product factor is huge and the performance boost - while not exactly huge - is likely enough to convince the cash rich to invest and for the creator audience to seriously consider it. For my use cases, the extra money is obviously worth it. I also think that the way Nvidia packages and markets the product is appealing: the RTX 3090 looks and feels special, its gigantic form factor and swish aesthetic will score points with those that take pride in their PC looking good and its thermal and especially acoustic performance are excellent. It's really, really quiet. All told then, RTX 3090 is the traditional hard sell for the mainstream gamer but the high-end crowd will likely lap it up. But it leaves me with a simple question: where next for the Titan and Ti brands? You don't retire powerhouse product tiers for no good reason and I can only wonder: is something even more powerful cooking?


When we had our first experience with the GeForce RTX 3080, we were nothing short of impressed. Testing the GeForce RTX 3090 is yet another step up. But we're not sure if the 3090 is the better option though, as you'll need very stringent requirements in order for it to see a good performance benefit. Granted, and I have written this many times in the past with the Titans and the like, a graphics card like this is bound to run into bottlenecks much faster than your normal graphics cards. Three factors come into play here, CPU bottlenecks, low-resolution bottlenecks, and the actual game (API). The GeForce RTX 3090 is the kind of product that needs to be free from all three aforementioned factors. Thus, you need to have a spicy processor that can keep up with the card, you need lovely GPU bound games preferably with DX12 ASYNC compute and, of course, if you are not gaming at the very least in Ultra HD, then why even bother, right? The flipside of the coin is that when you have these three musketeers applied and in effect, well, then there is no card faster than the 3090, trust me; it's a freakfest of performance, but granted, also bitter-sweet when weighing all factors in.
NVIDIA's Ampere product line up has been impressive all the way, there's nothing other to conclude than that. Is it all perfect? Well, performance-wise in the year 2020 we cannot complain. Of course, there is an energy consumption factor to weigh in as a negative factor and, yes, there's pricing to consider. Both are far too high for the product to make any real sense. For gaming, we do not feel the 3090 makes a substantial enough difference over the RTX 3080 with 10 to 15% differentials, and that's mainly due to system bottlenecks really. You need to game at Ultra HD and beyond for this card to make a bit of sense. We also recognize that the two factors do not need to make sense for quite a bunch of you as the product sits in a very extreme niche. But I stated enough about that. I like this chunk of hardware sitting inside a PC though as, no matter how you look at it, it is a majestic product. Please make sure you have plenty of ventilation though as the RTX 3090 will dump lots of heat. It is big but still looks terrific. And the performance, oh man... that performance, it is all good all the way as long as you uphold my three musketeers remark. Where I could nag a little about the 10 GB VRAM on the GeForce RTX 3080, we cannot complain even the slightest bit about the whopping big mac feature of the 3090, 24 GB of the fastest GDDR6X your money can get you, take that Flight Sim 2020! This is an Ultra HD card, in that domain, it shines whether that is using shading (regular rendered games) or when using hybrid ray-tracing + DLSS. It's a purebred but unfortunately very power-hungry product that will reach only a select group of people. But it is formidable if you deliver it to the right circumstances. Would we recommend this product? Ehm no, you are better off with GeForce RTX 3070 or 3080 as, money-wise, this doesn't make much sense. But it is genuinely a startling product worthy of a top pick award, an award we hand out so rarely for a reference or Founder product but we also have to acknowledge that NVIDIA really is stepping up on their 'reference' designs and is now setting a new and better standard.


This commentary puts the RTX 3090 into a difficult spot. It's 10 percent faster for gaming yet costs over twice as much as the RTX 3080. Value for money is poor when examined from a gaming point of view. Part of that huge cost rests with the 24GB of GDDR6X memory that has limited real-world benefit in games. Rather, it's more useful in professional rendering as the larger pool can speed-up time to completion massively.
And here's the rub. Given its characteristics, this card ought to be called the RTX Titan or GeForce RTX Studio and positioned more diligently for the creatoprofessional community where computational power and large VRAM go hand in hand. The real RTX 3090, meanwhile, gaming focussed first and foremost, ought to arrive with 12GB of memory and a $999 price point, thereby offering a compelling upgrade without resorting to Titan-esque pricing. Yet all that said, the insatiable appetite and apparent deep pockets of enthusiasts will mean Nvidia sells out of these $1,500 boards today: demand far outstrips supply. And does it matter what it's called, how much memory it has, or even what price it is? Not in the big scheme of things because there is a market for it.
Being part of the GeForce RTX firmament has opened up the way for add-in card partners to produce their own boards. The Gigabyte Gaming OC does most things right. It's built well and looks good, and duly tops all the important gaming charts at 4K. We'd encourage a lower noise profile through a relaxation of temps, but if you have the means by which to buy graphics performance hegemony, the Gaming OC isn't a bad shout... if you can find it in stock.

Hot Hardware

Summarizing the GeForce RTX 3090's performance is simple -- it's the single fastest GPU on the market currently, bar none. There's nuance to consider here, though. Versus the GeForce RTX 3080, disregarding CPU limited situations or corner cases, the more powerful RTX 3090's advantages over the 3080 only range from about 4% to 20%. Versus the Titan RTX, the GeForce RTX 3090's advantages increase to approximately 6% to 40%. Consider complex creator workloads which can leverage the GeForce RTX 3090's additional resources and memory, however, and it is simply in another class altogether and can be many times faster than either the RTX 3080 or Titan RTX.
Obviously, the $1,499 GeForce RTX 3090 Founder's Edition isn't an overall value play for the vast majority of users. If you're a gamer shopping for a new high-end GPU, the GeForce RTX 3080 at less than 1/2 the price is the much better buy. Compared to the $2,500 Titan RTX or $1,300 - $1,500-ish GeForce RTX 2080 Ti though, the GeForce RTX 3090 is the significantly better choice. Your perspective on the GeForce RTX 3090's value proposition is ultimately going to depend on your particular use case. Unless they've got unlimited budgets and want the best-of-the-best, regardless of cost, hardcore gamers may scoff at the RTX 3090. Anyone utilizing the horsepower of the previous generation Titan RTX though, may be chomping at the bit.
The GeForce RTX 3090's ultimate appeal is going to depend on the use-case, but whether or not you'll actually be able to get one is another story. The GeForce RTX 3090 is going to be available in limited quantities today -- NVIDIA said as much in yesterday's performance tease. NVIDIA pledges to make more available direct and through partners ASAP, however. We'll see how things shake out in the weeks ahead, and all bets are off when AMD's makes its RDNA2 announcements next month. NVIDIA's got a lot of wiggle room with Ampere and will likely react swiftly to anything AMD has in store. And let's not forget we still have the GeForce RTX 3070 inbound, which is going to have extremely broad appeal if NVIDIA's performance claims hold up.

Igor's Lab

In Summary: this card is a real giant, especially at higher resolutions, because even if the lead over the GeForce RTX 3080 isn’t always as high as dreamed, it’s always enough to reach the top position in playability. Right stop of many quality controllers included. Especially when the games of the GeForce RTX 3090 and the new architecture are on the line, the mail really goes off, which one must admit without envy, whereby the actual gain is not visible in pure FPS numbers.
If you have looked at the page with the variances, you will quickly understand that the image is much better because it is softer. The FPS or percentiles are still much too coarse intervals to be able to reproduce this very subjective impression well. A blind test with 3 perons has completely confirmed my impression, because there is nothing better than a lot of memory, at most even more memory. Seen in this light, the RTX 3080 with 10 GB is more like Cinderella, who later has to make herself look more like Cinderella with 10 GB if she wants to get on the prince’s roller.
But the customer always has something to complain about anyway (which is good by the way and keeps the suppliers on their toes) and NVIDIA keeps all options open in return to be able to top a possible Navi2x card with 16 GB memory expansion with 20 GB later. And does anyone still remember the mysterious SKU20 between the GeForce RTX 3080 and RTX 3090? If AMD doesn’t screw it up again this time, this SKU20 is sure to become a tie-break in pixel tennis. We’ll see.
For a long time I have been wrestling with myself, which is probably the most important thing in this test. I have also tested 8K resolutions, but due to the lack of current practical relevance, I put this part on the back burner. If anyone can find someone who has a spare 8K TV, I’ll be happy to do so, if only because I’m also very interested in 8K-DLSS. But that’s like sucking on an ice cream that you’ve only printed out on a laser printer before.
The increase in value of the RTX 3090 in relation to the RTX 3080 for the only gamer is, up to the memory extension, to be rather neglected and one understands also, why many critics will never pay the double price for 10 to 15% more gaming performance. Because I wouldn’t either. Only this is then exactly the target group for the circulated RTX 3080 (Ti) with double memory expansion. Their price should increase visibly in comparison to the 10 GB variant, but still be significantly below that of a GeForce RTX 3090. This is not defamatory or fraudulent, but simply follows the laws of the market. A top dog always costs a little more than pure scaling, logic and reason would allow.
And the non-gamer or the not-only-gamer? The added value can be seen above all in the productive area, whether workstation or creation. Studio is the new GeForce RTX wonderland away from the Triple A games, and the Quadros can slowly return to the professional corner of certified specialty programs. What AMD started back then with the Vega Frontier Edition and unfortunately didn’t continue (why not?), NVIDIA has long since taken up and consistently perfected. The market has changed and studio is no longer an exotic phrase. Then even those from about 1500 Euro can survive without a headache tablet again.

KitGuru Article

KitGuru Video

RTX 3080 was heralded by many as an excellent value graphics card, delivering performance gains of around 30% compared to the RTX 2080 Ti, despite being several hundred pounds cheaper. With the RTX 3090, Nvidia isn’t chasing value for money, but the overall performance crown.
And that is exactly what it has achieved. MSI’s RTX 3090 Gaming X Trio, for instance, is 14% faster than the RTX 3080 and 50% faster than the RTX 2080 Ti, when tested at 4K. No other GPU even comes close to matching its performance.
At this point, many of you reading this may be thinking something along the line of ‘well, yes, it is 14% faster than an RTX 3080 – but it is also over double the price, so surely it is terrible value?’ And you would be 100% correct in thinking that. The thing is, Nvidia knows that too – RTX 3090 is simply not about value for money, and if that is something you prioritise when buying a new graphics card, don’t buy a 3090.
Rather, RTX 3090 is purely aimed at those who don’t give a toss about value. It’s for the gamers who want the fastest card going, and they will pay whatever price to claim those bragging rights. In this case of the MSI Gaming X Trio, the cost of this GPU’s unrivalled performance comes to £1530 here in the UK.
Alongside gamers, I can also see professionals or creators looking past its steep asking price. If the increased render performance of this GPU could end up saving you an hour, two hours per week, for many that initial cost will pay for itself with increased productivity, especially if you need as much VRAM as you can get.


As with any launch, the primary details are in the GPU itself, and so the first half of this conclusion is the same for both of the AIB RTX 3090 graphics cards that we are reviewing today. If you want to know specifics of this particular card, skip down the page.
Last week we saw the release of the RTX 3080. A card that combined next-gen performance with a remarkably attractive price point, and was one of the easiest products to recommend we've ever seen. 4K gaming for around the £700 mark might be expensive if you're just used to consoles, but if you're a diehard member of the "PC Gaming Master Race", then you know how much you had to spend to achieve the magical 4K60 mark. It's an absolute no brainer purchase.
The RTX 3090 though, that comes with more asterisks and caveats than a Lance Armstrong win on the Tour de France. Make no mistake; the RTX 3090 is brutally fast. If performance is your thing, or performance without consideration of cost, or you want to flex on forums across the internet, then yeah, go for it. For everyone else, and that's most of us, there is a lot it does well, but it's a seriously niche product.
We can go to Nvidia themselves for their key phraseology. With a tiny bit of paraphrasing, they say "The RTX 3090 is for 8K gaming, or heavy workload content creators. For 4K Gaming the RTX 3080 is, with current and immediate future titles, more than enough". If you want the best gaming experience, then as we saw last week, the clear choice is the RTX 3080. If you've been following the results today then clearly the RTX 3090 isn't enough of a leap forwards to justify being twice the price of the RTX 3080. It's often around 5% faster, sometimes 10%, sometimes not much faster at all. Turns out that Gears 5 in particular looked unhappy but it was an 'auto' setting on animation increasing its own settings so we will go back with it fixed to ultra and retest. The RTX 3090 is still though, whisper it, a bit of a comedown after the heights of our first Ampere experience.
To justify the staggering cost of the RTX 3090 you need to fit into one of the following groups; Someone who games at 8K, either natively or via Nvidia's DSR technology. Someone who renders enormous amounts of 3D work. We're not just talking a 3D texture or model for a game; we're talking animated short films. Although even here the reality is that you need a professional solution far beyond the price or scope of the RTX 3090. Lastly, it would be best if you were someone who renders massive, RAW, 8K video footage regularly and has the memory and storage capacity to feed such a voracious data throughput. If you fall into one of those categories, then you'll already have the hardware necessary - 8K screen or 8K video camera - that the cost of the RTX 3090 is small potatoes. In which case you'll love the extra freedom and performance it can bring to your workload, smoothing out the waiting that is such a time-consuming element of the creative process. This logic holds true for both the Gigabyte and MSI cards we're looking at on launch.

PC Perspective - TBD

PC World

There’s no doubt that the $1,500 GeForce RTX 3090 is indeed a “big ferocious GPU,” and the most powerful consumer graphics card ever created. The Nvidia Founders Edition delivers unprecedented performance for 4K gaming, frequently maxes out games at 1440p, and can even play at ludicrous 8K resolution in some games. It’s a beast for 3440x1440 ultrawide gaming too, as our separate ultrawide benchmarks piece shows. Support for HDMI 2.1 and AV1 decoding are delicious cherries on top.
If you’re a pure gamer, though, you shouldn’t buy it, unless you’ve got deep pockets and want the best possible gaming performance, value be damned. The $700 GeForce RTX 3080 offers between 85 and 90 percent of the RTX 3090’s 4K gaming performance (depending on the game) for well under half the cost. It’s even closer at 1440p.
If you’re only worried about raw gaming frame rates, the GeForce RTX 3080 is by far the better buy, because it also kicks all kinds of ass at 4K and high refresh rate 1440p and even offers the same HDMI 2.1 and AV1 decode support as its bigger brother. Nvidia likes to boast that the RTX 3090 is the first 8K gaming card, and while that’s true in some games, it falls far short of the 60 frames per second mark in many triple-A titles. Consider 8K gaming a nice occasional bonus more than a core feature.
If you mix work and play, though, the GeForce RTX 3090 is a stunning value—especially if your workloads tap into CUDA. It’s significantly faster than the previous-gen RTX 2080 Ti, which fell within spitting distance of the RTX Titan, and offers the same 24GB VRAM capacity of that Titan. But it does so for $1,000 less than the RTX Titan’s cost.
The GeForce RTX 3090 stomps all over most of our content creation benchmarks. Performance there is highly workload-dependent, of course, but we saw speed increases of anywhere from 30 to over 100 percent over the RTX 2080 Ti in several tasks, with many falling in the 50 to 80 percent range. That’s an uplift that will make your projects render tangibly faster—putting more money in your pocket. The lofty 24GB of GDDR6X memory makes the RTX 3090 a must-have in some scenarios where the 10GB to 12GB found in standard gaming cards flat-out can’t cut it, such as 8K media editing or AI training with large data sets. That alone will make it worth buying for some people, along with the NVLink connector that no other RTX 30-series GPU includes. If you don’t need those, the RTX 3080 comes close to the RTX 3090 in raw GPU power in many tests.

TechGage - Workstation benchmark!

NVIDIA’s GeForce RTX 3090 is an interesting card for many reasons, and it’s harder to summarize than the RTX 3080 was, simply due to its top-end price and goals. The RTX 3080, priced at $699, was really easy to recommend to anyone wanting a new top-end gaming solution, because compared to the last-gen 2080S, 2080 Ti, or even TITAN RTX, the new card simply trounced them all.
The GeForce RTX 3090, with its $1,499 price tag, caters to a different crowd. First, there are going to be those folks who simply want the best gaming or creator GPU possible, regardless of its premium price. We saw throughout our performance results that the RTX 3090 does manage to take a healthy lead in many cases, but the gains over RTX 3080 are not likely as pronounced as many were hoping.
The biggest selling-point of the RTX 3090 is undoubtedly its massive frame buffer. For creators, having 24GB on tap likely means you will never run out during this generation, and if you manage to, we’re going to be mighty impressed. We do see more than 24GB being useful for deep-learning and AI research, but even there, it’s plenty for the vast majority of users.
Interestingly, this GeForce is capable of taking advantage of NVLink, so those wanting to plug two of them into a machine could likewise combine their VRAM, activating a single 48GB frame buffer. Two of these cards would cost $500 more than the TITAN RTX, and obliterate it in rendering and deep-learning workloads (but of course draw a lot more power at the same time).
For those wanting to push things even harder with single GPU, we suspect NVIDIA will likely release a new TITAN at some point with even more memory. Or, that’s at least our hope, because we don’t want to see the TITAN series just up and disappear.
For gamers, a 24GB frame buffer can only be justified if you’re using top-end resolutions. Not even 4K is going to be problematic for most people with a 10GB frame buffer, but as we move up the scale, to 5K and 8K, that memory is going to become a lot more useful.
By now, you likely know whether or not the monstrous GeForce RTX 3090 is for you. Fortunately, if it isn’t, the RTX 3080 hasn’t gone anywhere, and it still proves to be of great value (you know – if you can find it in stock) for its $699 price. NVIDIA also has a $499 RTX 3070 en route next month, so all told, the company is going to be taking good care of its enthusiast fans with this trio of GPUs. Saying that, we still look forward to the even lower-end parts, as those could ooze value even more than the bigger cards.

Techpowerup - MSI Gaming X Trio

Techpowerup - Zotac Trinity

Techpowerup - Asus Strix OC

Techpowerup - MSI Gaming X Trio

Still, the performance offered by the RTX 3090 is impressive; the Gaming X is 53% faster than RTX 2080 Ti, 81% faster than RTX 2080 Super. AMD's Radeon RX 5700 XT is less than half as fast, the performance uplift vs the 3090 is 227%! AMD Big Navi better be a success. With those performance numbers RTX 3090 is definitely suited for 4K resolution gaming. Many games will run over 90 FPS, at highest details, in 4K, nearly all over 60, only Control is slightly below that, but DLSS will easily boost FPS beyond that.
With RTX 3090 NVIDIA is introducing "playable 8K", which rests on several pillars. In order to connect an 8K display you previously had to use multiple cables, now you can use just a single HDMI 2.1 cable. At higher resolution, the VRAM usage goes up, RTX 3090 has you covered, offering 24 GB of memory, which is more than twice that of the 10 GB RTX 3080. Last but not least, on the software side, they added the capability to capture 8K gameplay with Shadow Play. In order to improve framerates (remember, 8K processes 16x the pixels as Full HD), NVIDIA created DLSS 8K, which renders the game at 1440p native, and scales the output by x3, in each direction, using machine learning. All of these technologies are still in its infancy, game support is limited and displays are expensive, we'll look into this in more detail in the future.
24 GB VRAM is definitely future-proof, but I'm having doubts whether you really need that much memory. Sure, more is always better, but unless you are using professional applications, you'll have a hard time finding a noteworthy difference between performance with 10 GB vs 24 GB. Games won't be an issue, because you'll run out of shading power long before you run out of VRAM, just like with older cards today, which can't handle 4K, no matter how much VRAM they have. Next-gen consoles also don't have as much VRAM, so it's hard to image that you'll miss out on any meaningful gaming experience if you have less than 24 GB VRAM. NVIDIA demonstrated several use cases in their reviewer's guide: OctaneRender, DaVinci Resolve and Blender can certainly benefit from more memory, GPU compute applications, too, but these are very niche use cases. I'm not aware of any creators who were stuck and couldn't create, because they ran out of VRAM. On the other hand the RTX 3090 could definitely turn out to be a good alternative to Quadro, or Tesla, unless you need double-precision math (you don't).
Pricing of the RTX 3090 is just way too high, and a tough pill to swallow. At a starting price of $1500, it is more than twice as expensive as the RTX 3080, but not nearly twice as fast. MSI asking another $100 on top for their fantastic Gaming X Trio cooler, plus the overclock out of the box doesn't seem that unreasonable to me. We're talking about 6.6% here. The 6% performance increase due to factory OC / higher power limit can almost justify that, with the better cooler it's almost a no-brainer. While an additional 14 GB of GDDR6X memory aren't free, the $1500 base price still doesn't feel right. On the other hand, the card is significantly better than RTX 2080 Ti in every regard, and that sold for well over $1000, too. NVIDIA emphasizes that RTX 3090 is a Titan replacement—Titan RTX launched at $2500, so $1500 must be a steal for the new 3090. Part of the disappointment about the price is that RTX 3080 is so impressive, at such disruptive pricing. If RTX 3080 was $1000, then $1500 wouldn't feel as crazy—I would say $1000 is a fair price for the RTX 3090. Either way, Turing showed us that people are willing to pay up to have the best, and I have no doubt that all RTX 3090 cards will sell out today, just like RTX 3080.
Obviously the "Recommended" award in this context is not for the average gamer. Rather it means, if you have that much money to spend, and are looking for a RTX 3090, then you should consider this card.

The FPS Review - TBD


Let's be clear: the GeForce RTX 3090 is now the fastest GPU around for gaming purposes. It's also mostly overkill for gaming purposes, and at more than twice the price of the RTX 3080, it's very much in the category of GPUs formerly occupied by the Titan brand. If you're the type of gamer who has to have the absolute best, and price isn't an object, this is the new 'best.' For the rest of us, the RTX 3090 might be drool-worthy, but it's arguably of more interest to content creators who can benefit from the added performance and memory.
We didn't specifically test any workloads where a 10GB card simply failed, but it's possible to find them — not so much in games, but in professional apps. We also weren't able to test 8K (or simulated 8K) yet, though some early results show that it's definitely possible to get the 3080 into a state where performance plummets. If you want to play on an 8K TV, the 3090 with its 24GB VRAM will be a better experience than the 3080. How many people fall into that bracket of gamers? Not many, but then again, $300 more than the previous generation RTX 2080 Ti likely isn't going to dissuade those with deep pockets.
Back to the content creation bit, while gaming performance at 4K ultra was typically 10-15% faster with the 3090 than the 3080, and up to 20% faster in a few cases, performance in several professional applications was consistently 20-30% faster — Blender, Octane, and Vray all fall into this group. Considering such applications usually fall into the category of "time is money," the RTX 3090 could very well pay for itself in short order compared to the 3080 for such use cases. And compared to an RTX 2080 Ti or Titan RTX? It's not even close. The RTX 3090 often delivered more than double the rendering performance of the previous generation in Blender, and 50-90% better performance in Octane and Vray.
The bottom line is that the RTX 3090 is the new high-end gaming champion, delivering truly next-gen performance without a massive price increase. If you've been sitting on a GTX 1080 Ti or lower, waiting for a good time to upgrade, that time has arrived. The only remaining question is just how competitive AMD's RX 6000, aka Big Navi, will be. Even with 80 CUs, on paper, it looks like Nvidia's RTX 3090 may trump the top Navi 2x cards, thanks to GDDR6X and the doubling down on FP32 capability. AMD might offer 16GB of memory, but it's going to be paired with a 256-bit bus and clocked quite a bit lower than 19 Gbps, which may limit performance.

Computerbase - German

HardwareLuxx - German

PCGH - German

Video Review

Bitwit - TBD

Digital Foundry Video

Gamers Nexus Video

Hardware Canucks

Hardware Unboxed


Linus Tech Tips

Optimum Tech

Paul's Hardware

Tech of Tomorrow

Tech Yes City

submitted by Nestledrink to nvidia [link] [comments]

[Sports] - Is Rodriguez's return the Rx for Red Sox rotation? Boston is betting on it | ESPN

[Sports] - Is Rodriguez's return the Rx for Red Sox rotation? Boston is betting on it | ESPN submitted by AutoNewspaperAdmin to AutoNewspaper [link] [comments]

The OC Show: S03E08 - AMD RX 480 Powergate, Nvidia GTX 1060 plus CS:GO Betting Scandal

The OC Show: S03E08 - AMD RX 480 Powergate, Nvidia GTX 1060 plus CS:GO Betting Scandal submitted by Massman- to hwbotnews [link] [comments]

I would like to know if the RX 480 would work and fit in my prebuilt. A private chat with a redditor would be the best bet for me. Please help?

submitted by lovetycoonz to pcmasterrace [link] [comments]

Idol-Rapper Analysis #2 - 4th Gen Boy Groups pt2 (Stray Kids-3Racha)

You know who it is, comin round again
Previous Breakdown: Ateez/Oneus/ACE

Ranking system:
I will give a tier ranking using the S / A / B / C / D / F tier system.
Here is a full breakdown of what i consider each tier to represent generally. If you care about how I rank these folks I highly recommend checking it out
I give tiers based on the following aspects technical abilities like speed/breath control/enunciation/dynamics/and complexity of flow, cohesion with the group, creativity/originality, emotional delivery and versatility.
Note: I consider an AVERAGE idol rapper to be around a D or C tier. If you think my ranking is harsh that's what i'm comparing against.

Some Disclaimers:
This post is fxckin long
This post will cover both technical aspects of rapping and some more critical analyses including my own personal opinion. I will try and justify my opinion as best possible but in the end, the opinion belongs to me and only me, if you enjoy a rapper I don't, or if you don't enjoy a rapper I do, that is all ok! Additionally if you are uncomfortable seeing your faves criticized this might not be the post for you! All of our faves have flaws and room for growth and pointing them out does not diminish their talents or hard work.
If you disagree with my analysis I'd love to hear your thoughts! If i get something incorrect please feel free to correct me in the comments! I am open to criticism and correction!
!!!!!! I will do my best to point out both an idols strengths and weaknesses, but I will not water down my opinion to do so. !!!!!!
My preparation for this post was listening to ALL the tracks the group had available on streaming, if the rappers have their own subunit or solo work i looked at that too. I didn't watch all of their live performances although I usually will watch it for tracks I'm curious about.
I'm not an expert, My word is not gospel. My opinions don't hold some special authority. The only qualifications i have are a lot of time spent researching and a lot of listening to better smarter people talk about rap.
Also please note I have changed the format of these posts slightly, so rankings are now listed at the end of each rappers analysis rather than the beginning. This is in order to, i hope, take some of the focus away from the exact letter grade and onto the thing I actually spent the most time on and what I think is most important.

(Lmfao this was originally supposed to be a part of the first post but it became SO long and I didn't wanna skimp on details. A testament to the amount of work 3racha has already put out and the overall quality of it that I couldn't edit down my thoughts at all. Stays win this round because I ended up with a LOT to say.

Stray Kids: Bang Chan + Han + Changbin

Notes about SKZ as a whole:
Stray Kids is one of the 4th gen groups that has actually based itself around its rapline. 3racha members have been involved with both the lyrics, production, and arrangement on the majority of group tracks including title tracks (the first two title tracks had first line producer credits to other artists but since then they have taken the lead) since debut. On 3racha's predebut tracks they have did all the writing and production besides tracks that used other artist's beats (note: this is fine to do on free mixtapes, it is common practice in hiphop as long as you aren't profiting) Although I can't say for sure that 100% of the lines they individually rap were written by the person rapping because i wasn't there to watch the process, that is the assumption I will go in with, i assume they probably collaborate to some degree or workshop lyrics with one another, but I also get the sense that they take a lot of pride in writing for themselves.
At just over 2 years old they are already nearing 100 songs (over 100 if you count all the SKZ2020 rerecords), which is extremely impressive especially when considering that 3racha is lead on writing and production on almost all of those songs. Before debut they released ~40 tracks across a Mixtape and 2 EPs, some of those tracks would end up getting reworked as full group tracks but many remain soundcloud-only releases.
Lyrically the majority of 3racha and early SKZ songs lean on a "we are young and passionate/we are overwhelmed by self doubt in our passions" type of lyrics often focused around trainee life and anticipation of debut. As a very young group this still makes sense although it can become a bit one-note if you're trying to read the lyrics but they have expanded their lens somewhat in more recent albums.
Stylistically SKZ's group songs tend to lean heavily into EDM but unlike a lot of other groups they pull from MANY subgenres of EDM for inspiration (as opposed to sticking to House/Techno/Trap) they have used EDM genres from Psytrance to Drum and Bass. Their b-sides take on some of these styles but also do more casual electronic hiphop tracks and even a few more melodic ballad songs.
The rappers are usually central to their tracks however as time has gone on Han especially has made a switch to being about half and half vocalist and rapper, making room for Hyunjin+Felix to be the larger rap presence on their tracks. This means his verses are now usually shorter or sometimes nonexistent, to make room for the other two. Changbin's lines have also been shortened overall and Chan has essentially switched into a fulltime lead vocalist.
In 3racha they went pretty wide for influences and styles. Of particular note is a song like Eunseoki which takes on a 3rd person narration which idol rappers don't usually tackle but which i was very excited to see and usually a pretty important step for lyricists (being able to tell other peoples stories not just your own). Their emotional range (or at least the range they attempted) from love songs, hype songs, emo songs, and braggadocios songs is pretty diverse.
There's no doubt some extremely impressive stuff in their predebut work, I'll point out Peer Pressure, Don Qixote, ID:a, and 작은 Dragon Three 마리, as some examples of songs where everything lined up and everyone sounded excellent, I think the production really elevates both songs and it's clear they are all much better able to perform if they have a juicy beat to get into (note: that ID:a is a sample of a Logic's Fade Away)
One full group track i feel obligated to mention here is N/S which absolutely shocked me when I first heard it, I'd truly never imagined I'd be hearing a Big Shaq type flow over a near-remake of the Mask Off beat. Honestly, I laughed.
There are a few issues that consistently bug 3racha and SKZ tracks some of which I will tackle in the individual breakdowns but one of which I should mention here. Namely that the transitions between rhythmic and melodic sections of songs (from rapping into a sung hook or from a rap verse into the prechorus for instance) are often sloppy or jarring. Luckily this issue doesn't have as much of an effect on the rap sections themselves but it is something I notice overall and it does affect a lot of the tracks I'm going to mention here.

On full group songs Bang Chan rarely a strong rap presence. It is clear that his focus is a lot more on the production aspect and he often lends himself to the vocal delivery of group songs rather than the rap side preferring to let members like Hyunjin and Felix take over in those places. On 3racha tracks he is also usually the one delivering the fewest bars, but he sings a lot of the hooks. Overall Bang Chan clearly leans more into the production and lyrical side rather than the rapping itself.
When he does rap he is almost always melodic in his delivery, sometimes this follows a clear tune but other times he's not really following a clear melody line all the time but he jumps pitches a lot. Bang Chan has a lot looser adherence to beat than the other 3racha members, his bars tend to be a lot slower tempo and plays around on shortening and lengthening vowels a lot more. He reminds me of a lot of American rappers in the cloud+trap genres, like internet rap.
Although i am not familiar with SKZ's process of production if i had to guess it seems as though Chan is heading up a lot of the songs, I say this mainly because production of the bulk of 3racha tracks was credited to him and I imagine that travelled over to group songs as well.
So in summation... i have some pretty major issues with Chan's work thus far and, since he's moved his focus towards being a vocalist, it is unlikely we will see the return of a fully rapping Chan at any point in the near future. Despite what I've pointed out, however,I would call him a competent idol rapper, capable of being enjoyable and compelling when he tries hard enough. but i have not seen him take it far enough or show consistent engagement for me to rank him higher. His strengths have clearly always been more on the production end and that seems to be where he's keeping them for now.
Ranking: Low/Mid C-Tier

Han is a highly rhythmic rapper, meaning he has a pretty strict adherence to the beat and easy to follow divisions and subdivisions. He rarely if ever travels over beat or subdividing lines with his syllables, though his lines do occasionally. His preferred delivery in the beginning was to have clear and precise diction and enunciation makes his words and consonants pop, more recently he's been moving towards a gruffer delivery in certain songs but he still seems to favor the cleaner sound.
Overall Han is an extremely competent rapper, capable of being truly excellent on certain tracks. My main problem, and what holds him back from a higher ranking is the difficult to distinguish vocal tone, and the tendency to derive style from other artists. I want and need to see more of his unique flair in order to rank him higher, that said his core competency for rapping is extremely high and his innate understanding of rhythm, subdivision, and flow is clear and operating at a higher level than most idol rappers.
Ranking: Mid/High B tier

Changbin has a mid-low tone and HEAVILY textured voice with a ton of gravelliness and growl added and a tendency to lean into the rougher and even "uglier" facets of his tone. His delivery is often fast and chopper-like, chopper being a genre especially popular in the midwest US relying a lot on aggressive flows and focus on consonant placement and heavy alliteration. You can hear this quality in Changbin both in his speed but also in his enunciation of plosive consonants (p, b, g, d, t, k) where he adds a ton of punch and breath. When he's being less aggressive his voice falls into a mid-tone extremely nasal sound.
If i had to put a comparison point for Changbin's voice out there he reminds me a lot ofEminem (himself a student of Midwest Chopper), the closest voice to his in kpop is slightly higher pitched and more aggressive version of PO from Block B or Bigflo's main rapper Hightop (yeah bet you didn't think you were getting a Bigflo reference when you clicked on this post) But otherwise his vocal quality is pretty rare.
Before writing up this post I actually hadn't dived very deeply into SKZ music (because the title tracks were never enough to really grab my interest tbh) but in doing this I've been extremely impressed by Changbin at every turn. Not only does he have a ton of technical skill and competency but he has one of the most unique deliveries of an idol-rapper period. His vocal tone is really unique in the kpopverse and, after listening to many many idol rappers who start to all blend together, hearing something that sounds so purposefully distinct was so refreshing.
While there are some group tracks that don't play to his strengths and where he sounds a bit disconnected from the feeling of the track, this is far outweighed by the number of times he is the total standout. This opinion might change if Stray Kids started releasing only midtempo, upbeat and bright tracks, but as it is now there is about 1-2 tracks per SKZ album where I feel Changbin doesn't fit as well and then the rest of them he stands out as the best part of the song. It is really rare for me to feel like one rapper consistently steals the show (scene stealer if you will), but Changbin does it, i think he is clearly not just the best in his group but one of the best idol rappers active. Easily top 10 for me. I'm not heaping this praise on him easily, I do still have issues and areas for further growth, but I find his sound and confidence extremely engaging on every single track.
Changbin seems like he would be a great candidate to put out a solo mixtape, I'd love to see how he handles more hardcore beats (think ones like Tony Montana from Agust D-1), anything with a good guitar riff or a heavy sub-bass, he also does really well with industrial hiphop, but all of that said I also want MORE jazz Changbin and MORE east coast hiphop Changbin, give the man a hardcore hiphop beat plEASE. The way for him to rank higher at this point is simply to show me some solo work, do some collabs, and take it beyond the kpop-sphere.
Ranking: Mid A tier
submitted by franetics to kpopthoughts [link] [comments]

Kind of an urgent CPU + motherboard + RAM choice

Hey everyone. Misfortune brought me here - my Sabertooth X99 motherboard kicked the bucket and is currently at a service centre being looked at. It would be nice if it could be brought back to life so that it can be useful for another month or two until Ryzen 5000 launches (so I can get a 5900X or even a 5950X with a proper X670 board), but I'm not holding my hopes too high, so I'm thinking of a new CPU + motherboard + RAM now. It would be unfortunate that I'd miss the new features of X670, but it wouldn't be too much of a hassle to swap a motherboard later on if I decide so. They'll be announcing it in about a week from now, but I don't know how well things are going to be with availability.
I'm also thinking of going the Intel route - the 10850K seems like a significant step up from my current 5820K even though that would be going down from quad channel to dual channel memory (but again so would be the AMD route with a non-Threadripper CPU). The major setback of the Intel route would be that I lose PCIe 4.0 - it's not hugely important, I'm just curious to see the full potential of the Corsair Force MP600 I got recently.
The aim of the build is programming during the day for my job (honestly if it was just that, it would be handled even by a mid-range i5 system no problem), but also gaming - currently replaying Far Cry New Dawn (and waiting for 6), Control, I might try the latest Star Wars, maybe I'd replay Shadow of the Tomb Raider because I noticed some CPU bottlenecks with it - just curious to see how it runs, maybe Crysis Remastered. Running at 2560x1440 @ 60 for now, but I might get a 3440x1440 @ 100+ display later on; I also work with Lightroom - it would benefit from 12 or 16 cores, but that would be mostly noticeable during large exports - and given that I've been okay with 6c/12t in terms of export times, 10c/20t and a significantly higher IPC should still be a good upgrade. In either case (Intel or AMD) there's no room for upgrades since these would both be the latest CPUs for each respective socket.
I really want to try EVGA, too bad that they only make Intel motherboards. I also want to avoid Asus since I'm rather disappointed with their software and support. Will EVGA Z490 boards be available in the EU eventually? The EU site doesn't list them as of now. I don't have first hand experience with Gigabyte, but I often read that their BIOS and software are kind of clunky. ASRock seems like a good budget choice if I don't find anything else. As for the AMD variant, I'm looking into MSI (their X570 Unify seems solid).
My requirements are basically
Built-in Wi-Fi/Bluetooth are not a priority, although it would be nice to have them. Sound is not important since I have a good USB DAC and a USB mic (wouldn't it be nice if there were boards with no built-in sound?).
The rest of the hardware (that I'm betting still works) is:
So for the AMD route, I'm thinking:
I'm thinking a budget of around 1000-1250 EUR for CPU + motherboard + 32 GiB RAM (if going the AMD route, it might be less at first if I temporarily get a mid-range CPU while waiting for the new ones). It'd be nice to read your thoughts. Thanks in advance.
submitted by killchain to buildapc [link] [comments]

Accidentally deleted the partitions on a C: drive, restored them, but now it won't boot.

TLDR: title. Disk manager screenshot (pardon my french); you can see my laptop's C: drive, which is normal, and the patient. Some of those partitions are labeled differently, i bet that's the issue.
So i want to upgrade from my old 2.5 SSD to an M2 SSD; i plug them both into my computer to image the old to the new; i remember that i've used the new M2 before, so i open the default Windows drive manager to delete its partitions; and that's when i boneheadedly delete the partitions on my old 2.5 SSD instead.
Undeterred by my stupidity, i install Active Undelete to restore them; it works, all the partitions are back, the files are there, as far as i can tell my old 2.5 SSD is ready to work again. Install it into the computer to check, attempt to boot... And it doesn't work, it tries for a few seconds then sends me back to the BIOS screen. Clearly, deleting and restoring the partitions has broken something in Windows.
I then download Windows Media Creation Tool, install Windows on a thumb drive, and try to use the Recover function that it has, hoping that this will unfuck the OS. It doesn't, it just bluntly tells me that it has failed with no further explanation. There's a command prompt available, but i don't know how to use those. Imgur album of phone pics
Of course i could just install a fresh Windows, but i don't want to for reasons both practical (re-install a lot of apps and settings that i've mostly forgotten) and sentimental (this has been my home since 2015, i don't wanna start fresh).
> inb4 "make backups scrub", i know you're supposed to make backups, my D: drive is very well archived, i just never thought i'd be dumb enough to need C: image backups too. That said, i've just finished doing a file copy from the old 2.5 SSD so i can try some more destructive measures.
My goal is to get this old 2.5 SSD back to a bootable state so i can then image it to the new M2 SSD. Google hasn't been helpful (mostly how to create restore points) hence why i find myself before you.
Specs shouldn't matter here, but just because it's the rule: Intel Core i7-7820X, ASUS Prime X299-DELUXE, 64Gb RAM, Inno3D GeForce GTX 1080; my laptop meanwhile has AMD Ryzen 7 4800H, 16Gb RAM, AMD Radeon RX Vega 7
submitted by thawed_caveman to windows [link] [comments]

[Tech] Place Your Bets Now About The Power Efficiency Of The Radeon RX 480 On Linux

[Tech] Place Your Bets Now About The Power Efficiency Of The Radeon RX 480 On Linux submitted by newsbeard to Newsbeard [link] [comments]

[QUESTION] Which RX 5700 XT should I get between Sapphire, XFX, ASUS or Asrock?

Hi guys, in the first days of next month I'm planning to finish my very first build buying the last (but not least) two components: an AMD Ryzen 7 3700X and a Radeon RX 5700 XT.
My question is, which one of the following options would you recommend me, and why?
The list (and an approximate price converted to USD, I know maybe they are a little more expensive, but they are the lowest prices in my country. To compare, the RTX 3080 will cost starting at $850 to $1000, depending on the model):
Please, I'd love to read all of your comments and the possible discussion.
P.S.: I know, probably would be a safer bet to wait until AMD next release, but with the decisions that are being made by the actual government and the possible inflation, I don't want to wait much more.
Edit: maybe is worth to mention that I plan to play, mainly, indie titles, racing games ( like Grip combat racing, Grid2, F1 2019), fighting games (like Tekken 7), GTA V, and old titles, and not planning to play with RTX activated too much.
submitted by Rhaegg to Amd [link] [comments]

REVIEW: Aveeno Dermexa Emollient Cream

Skin type: combination (oily nose and chin, dry everything), sensitive, acne and eczema prone.


This summer has been hell for my skin. Never had an eczema flare up on my face before, but yup it happened now. My eczema wasn't as severe as some of the other cases I'd read about, but it got pretty bad. My face itched constantly, I couldn't sleep at night, I felt like my face was cracking open. Went to the dermatologist and he prescribed some topical steroids, but I could only use them for upto 10 days, and the patches would just return when I stopped.
I tried applying about 3 layers of the cetaphil moisturizer my dermat recommended, but that just made me itch more. My skin wouldn't allow more than 1 layer of that.
Anyway, I decided to try out Aveeno dermexa because everyone said it would be good. And yup it was, not my HG product or anything, and I'm definitely on the lookout for better alternatives, but I'm super thankful because my face is in control now.
Just to clarify- I wasn't looking for something to make my eczema vanish, I just wanted some relief until I could get an allergy test done and find out the cause. This did the job pretty well.

General details about the product:

Full ingredient list:

Aqua, Glycerin, Panthenol, Distearyldimonium Chloride, Petrolatum, Isopropyl Palmitate, Cetyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Avena Sativa Kernel Flour, Avena Sativa Kernel Extract, Avena Sativa Kernel Oil, Ceramide 3, Isopropyl Alcohol, Steareth-20, Sodium Chloride, Potassium Sorbate, Benzalkonium Chloride.
Price : Rs.990 for 200ml.

Texture and smell:

It doesn't feel heavy on the skin and absorbs pretty quickly. Still, I would not recommend for oiler skin types for obvious reasons. It has a very rice-y smell? It's pretty nice, whatever it is.

My face skin routine:

Wash face with Cetaphil cleanser, then apply Cetaphil moisturizing cream (not DAM) on damp skin. Apply a layer of Aveeno dermexa. Wait for 15 minutes, then use Rx required nadifloxacin 1% cream on acne.

Good results:

Bad results:

Would I repurchase? Yes. Until I find something better, this is my best bet.

I definitely would recommend this to people with dry, irritated and/or sensitive skin.
submitted by blasefulofficial to IndianSkincareAddicts [link] [comments]

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update September 28, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update September 28, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
Register for your Absentee Ballot here!
Watch here:
Full Notes
(continued in stickied comment)
submitted by mr_tyler_durden to Coronavirus_KY [link] [comments]

MTGO Modern Challenge T32 (08/15/2020)

I saw lots of great event and metagame breakdowns this week on Reddit; hopefully these continue for the rest of the year. Here's my Sunday contribution with yesterday's MTGO Challenge T32. Cool lists, spicy tech, and interesting card choices are noted as usual.
Event link:
  1. Mono G Tron: gazmon48 (1 Emrakul, the Promised End)
  2. Bant Snow Control: Do0mSwitch (1 Hour of Promise)
  3. Rakdos Prowess: aplapp (1 Lurrus of the Dream Den comp, 1 Unearth, 4 Thoughtseize)
  4. Grixis Shadow: Pennywisse (1 Eliminate, 1 Lightning Bolt)
  5. Rakdos Prowess: exoticherman (Lurrus comp, 2 Inquisition of Kozilek/2 MD TS split + 2 TS SB, 4 Light up the Stage, 1 Unearth, 2 Kroxa, Titan of Death's Hunger)
  6. Merfolk: flatnose (MERFOLK!! Simic with a nice disruption package of 4 Force of Negation, 4 Merfolk Trickster, 4 Spreading Seas, and 2 MD/2 SB Tidebinder Mage)
  7. Rakdos Prowess: Rav104 (Lurrus comp, 1 IoK/4 TS split)
  8. The Rock: edward40hands (3 MD Lurrus, 3 Hexdrinker, 2 SB Golgari Charm, 2 SB Kalitas, Traitor of Ghet)
  9. Eldrazi and Taxes: sinforlife54 (3 Stoneforge Mystic + 1 each of Batterskull/Sword of Fire and Ice, 1 Thalia, Heretic Cathar, 2 MD Phyrexian Revoker, 1 SB Sword of Sinew and Steel)
  10. Mono G Tron: otakkun (1 World Breaker, 2 MD/1 SB Thragtusk, 1 MD/1 SB Dismember,
  11. Humans: uaedoliB (3 Dark Confidant, 0 MD/2 SB Meddling Mage)
  12. Temur Reclamation: nick4567 (1 SB Crumble to Dust, 1 SB Flame Slash)
  13. Devoted Devastation: Laplasjan (Lurrus comp)
  14. Ad Nauseam: Sodeq
  15. Jund: asnook
  16. Storm: cws (1 SB Aria of Flame)
  17. Bant Snow Control: kanister (1 Wall of Omens, 2 Hour of Promise, 1 Oboro, Palace in the Clouds for Field of the Dead synergy, 1 SB Elder Gargaroth, 1 SB Ravenous Trap)
  18. Mill: Delthar (2 Fraying Sanity, 4 Drown in the Loch, 1 SB Set Adrift)
  19. Bant Snow Control: Toastxp (4 Hour of Promise, 1 SB Gargaroth)
  20. Ponza: Gigy (1 SB Arasta of the Endless Web, 1 SB Chandra, Awakened Inferno)
  21. Sultai Snow Control: Luzur (maybe more midrange than control with 2 Tasigur, the Golden Fang, 3 IoK/3 TS, 4 Thought Scour, 2 SB Nightpack Ambusher)
  22. Izzet Prowess: spellvine
  23. Titan Vial: HouseOfManaMTG (weird ramp deck is back! 1 MD/1 SB Arasta of the Endless Web, 1 Elder Gargaroth, 1 Nylea, Keen-Eyed, 4 Aether Vial, 2 Eladamri's Call, 2 Primeval TItan, 3 Thalia, Guardian of Thraben; it's a beautiful Selesnya mess)
  24. Jund: Yanti (1 SB Nissa, Vital Force)
  25. Kinnan Combos: Storytime (3 Kinnan, Bonder Prodigy, 1 Bloom Tender, 1 Nylea, Keen-Eyed, 4 Freed from the Real, 4 Leyline of Abundance)
  26. Dredge: Xuxa (4 Bloodghast)
  27. Burn: NorrathDecay
  28. Temur Reclamation: ConnorM426
  29. Amulet Titan: musasabi
  30. Eldrazi Tron: NHA37
  31. Temur Reclamation: BSK_hercules
  32. Burn: kthanakit26
Direct link formatting thanks to FereMiyJeenyus and their web scraper! If you encounter any dead or broken links, or have any questions/praise, please reach out to them!
Not as much time to write something up this weekend. In general, we're seeing control decks cystalize towards UGx Snow with an Hour of Promise finish (Hour is looking even better as a spec/metagame target this week than last week), Tron and Titan decks remain format pillars, Rx Aggro (Prowess and Burn, but mostly Rakdos Prowess primarily) set the speed limit, and midrange stalwarts BGx (Jund with one T8 Rock) and Ponza joining at the top. These decks alone make up more than half of the metagame and would all be safe Tier 1 bets. I'd probably add Dredge to this list, despite its limited showings this week, and would definiteley point everyone to Temur Reclamation, even if it didn't do as well yesterday as in previus weeks.
This week also saw a bunch of old faithfuls (some older than others) return to the standings pages. Trusty Humans joins trustier Merfolk in the T16, with the fish-friends even taking T8 glory this time. Ad Nauseam remains a presence with dredgemaster Sodeq trading in his Stinweekds for Spirit Guides, and we even see some Finale of Devastation combos (Lurrus Devoted Dev. and a Kinnan brew) joining the mix. That bizarre/awesome Vial Titan deck is back too along with retro Mill now with kitchen table Fraying Sanity technology. Finally, I'm pleased to see Grixis Shadow not only in the T32 but in the T4! Metagames where Grixis Shadow and BGx Midrange are solid (Rock is T8, Jund is T16) are generally fairer and more stable than ones where the format is a goldfish bowl. Doubly so when we see a nice Death and Taxes showing just missing T8 on breakers.
Big absences this week include Azorius Control/Stone-Sharkblade strategies, which appear to have vanished in favor of Uro decks (i.e. 3 CMC Batterskull that can't die). Dredge also only has one showing this week, but I chalk that up to Sodeq running good old Ad Naus instead; if he'd been on Dredge, I'm sure we would have seen another list, probably with Silversmotes, in the T16. I'm also noting the lack of Goblins this week, which is odd given the presence of Humans, and continue to lament the total disintegration of Modern artifact strategies. RIP Urza, Hardened Scales, Affinity, Thopter Sword, and all the other cool artifact decks. This remains a major diversity loss and I am still confident Wizards could have addressed this in different ways than they did with their current bans.
Let me know in the comments if I missed or mischaracterized anything. Also, I encourage everyone to look through the MDs and SBs for more zesty silver bullets. There's a ton of interesting 1-2 copy tech in this Saturday's Challenge and I'm sure I need to give more of those innovations credit as we find them. I'm loving Arasta in these decks (boring T4 Hour of Promise into double Field? Not so much).
submitted by ktkenshinx to ModernMagic [link] [comments]

Accidentally deleted the partitions on a C: drive, restored them, but now it won't boot.


Some more helpful Redditor in a better sub has awesomely unfucked my system. But thanks i guess.
Below is the original post
TLDR: title. Disk manager screenshot (pardon my french); you can see my laptop's C: drive, which is normal, and the patient. Some of those partitions are labeled differently, i bet that's the issue.
So i want to upgrade from my old 2.5 SSD to an M2 SSD; i plug them both into my computer to image the old to the new; i remember that i've used the new M2 before, so i open the default Windows drive manager to delete its partitions; and that's when i boneheadedly delete the partitions on my old 2.5 SSD instead.
Undeterred by my stupidity, i install Active Undelete to restore them; it works, all the partitions are back, the files are there, as far as i can tell my old 2.5 SSD is ready to work again. Install it into the computer to check, attempt to boot... And it doesn't work, it tries for a few seconds then sends me back to the BIOS screen. Clearly, deleting and restoring the partitions has broken something in Windows.
I then download Windows Media Creation Tool, install Windows on a thumb drive, and try to use the Recover function that it has, hoping that this will unfuck the OS. It doesn't, it just bluntly tells me that it has failed with no further explanation. There's a command prompt available, but i don't know how to use those. Imgur album of phone pics
Of course i could just install a fresh Windows, but i don't want to for reasons both practical (re-install a lot of apps and settings that i've mostly forgotten) and sentimental (this has been my home since 2015, i don't wanna start fresh).
> inb4 "make backups scrub", i know you're supposed to make backups, my D: drive is very well archived, i just never thought i'd be dumb enough to need C: image backups too. That said, i've just finished doing a file copy from the old 2.5 SSD so i can try some more destructive measures.
My goal is to get this old 2.5 SSD back to a bootable state so i can then image it to the new M2 SSD. Google hasn't been helpful (mostly how to create restore points) hence why i find myself before you.
Specs shouldn't matter here, but just because it's the rule: Intel Core i7-7820X, ASUS Prime X299-DELUXE, 64Gb RAM, Inno3D GeForce GTX 1080; my laptop meanwhile has AMD Ryzen 7 4800H, 16Gb RAM, AMD Radeon RX Vega 7
submitted by thawed_caveman to techsupport [link] [comments]

NSA PRISM Domestic Spying Keywords

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submitted by Ninja_pigLP to copypasta [link] [comments]

Thought Process Behind Building a PC. For Beginners, by Beginners.

Disclaimer: I wrote this out of boredom, and to put every knowledge I gathered this last months somewhere for everyone to see. I do not claim any authority nor will take any responsability for whatever you decide to do with this guide. I guarantee that all I wrote, I wrote in good faith. I would really love to be criticized and corrected. Thank you u/buildapc for your help!

Hello fellow /builder! You are probably here to ask for help about your dream pc build. I know I did. For hours. Weeks, actually. I have put together my system about a month ago. Rather than simply sharing my story and showing off my build (I'm not showing because cable management is b a d, ugh), I'd like to give something back to this wonderful community. So here it is, a guide for beginners, in layman terms, without unnecessary technical information.


In order to even begin to request help for building your pc, first you need to know what your computer is going to be used for! There's 3 orders of information priority:
Primary informations:
If you can't provide these, nobody can really help you, at best they can make educated guesses. These informations relate directly to the parts responsible for your performance: CPU, Graphics Card, RAM, and indirectly to Motherboard.
If you own a monitor, you need to find out its specs either by googling the model name, or in Advanced Display Informations. To find details about your monitor, head to Settings > System > Display and scroll down and click on “Advanced Display Settings”. If you are going to buy a monitor, you should always have resolution and refresh rate in mind when picking one.
Budget and intended purpose are self explanatory!
Secondary informations:
These informations are optional, but might help tailoring your build to your exact needs.
Let's say you like Cities Skylines and are going to play that title 90% of the time. Now whoever is helping you, is going to recommend up to 32 gb ram and a slightly overpowered CPU to handle that. Let's say you want to play e-sports only, you might be able to scale down the project and save something on your budget. It's not an everyday occurrance to find someone who is going to play a couple of titles only, but it's less uncommon than you might think! Knowing this specific piece of information can make a measurable difference.
If your intention is overclocking, then it's a good idea to say so in your build request. Not every piece of hardware can be overclocked, and not every motherboard can support overclocking. Nevertheless, if you need this guide, then I kindly suggest you do not oveclock.
About ambient temperature, it's only really a concern at the high spectrum of the curve, but it might force you to pick a thermal solution.
More on thermal solution later.
Tertiary informations:
These informations are merely cosmetic.
Some people are obsessed by RGB, some are not. If you don't mention your cosmetic preference, nobody is going to care. Function is always over form when building a pc, particularly with a budget in mind.
Most people prefer a brand - I know I do - but most will settle for something else as long as it's better for their needs. If you are a die hard brand loyalist, you should mention that before someone figures out a build for you only to scrap it because you'd rather have a nVidia Graphics Card or Intel instead of AMD CPUs.
It happens mostly when upgrading, but sometimes people want their build to end up in their dream (or old) case. If you are in this position, you should mention that because of space constraints. More on this later.
So, here's an example of a terrible build request:
pls help I need help for a new pc for under 1k, help?
And here's an example of a good build request:
Hello, I own a 1440p/75hz monitor, I want to play AAA titles at ultra and my budget is about 1200€. I prefer AMD, want RGB (unless it's over my budget), and have a mid tower UL7R4 C00L PC case themed red. I also need some advice on water cooling.
Signed: a gentleman and a scholar

Doing your research

Sometimes, you just want to figure out things on your own. Good. Here's what I did, starting with basics.
This is the list of parts directly tied to performance:
This is the list of parts that support your performance:
This is the list of parts that handle your system safety and are indirectly tied to performance
How do you even begin? Let's see first what these parts do.
The Processor... processes. Want to open a Chrome tab? Process that! Discord in background? A core will take care of that! Preparing a frame for your GPU to render with lights, textures, shadows? That's exactly what your CPU is for.
Explaining how and what a CPU does is over the scope of this guide, so here's what you really need to know: core clock, and core count. And that's it for the most part. These two concepts are interrelated. You could have 64 core to work with at a low core clock and it could handle a ludicrous amount of processes, while unable to handle a single process that takes up to 4 cores but requires from each of them a high core clock. Such is the case with videogames, which mostly work off a limited number of cores and will perform better the faster each used core is. More cores ain't going to help, because the game ain't going to use it unless it is programmed to do so!
Manufacturer usually take care of this for the consumers, by splitting their hardware portfolio in processors for servers and for consumers. AMD server CPUs are called Epyc and have a consumer equivalent (read: from the same generation) called Ryzen. Intel has Xeons for servers and their i3/i5/i7 line up for consumers.
Every generation of CPUs has its own fitting socket. You physically can't put a CPU in a socket that was not designed for that CPU. A CPU socket is a part of motherboards.
If you are going to pick a Ryzen CPU, it is a good idea to check what RAM capacity and clock it works best with. You can find benchmarks online for that.
Some CPUs are integrated with Graphics Card. These are referred to as APUs, and I'm not going to talk about them because I'm uninformed.
Tip: when picking a CPU, check console hardware. I'm not joking. Consoles are meant for gaming and are the common denominator of hardware progress for gaming. PS5 and XBox X are going to have 8 core CPUs, of which 2 are reserved for the system, thus 6 cores for videogames to play with. It's a reasonable expectation that the new standard for CPU core count is going to be 6 in the years to come.
Graphics Card
If you're a gamer, you want to pay close attention when picking a good GPU for your build. The GPU market is not as segmented as CPU market is, and you can easily find benchmarks for each of them at any mainstream resolution tier. Thus, picking a GPU is commonly the first step of your build, because it is directly tied to the resolution and refresh rate of your monitor.
You need not to worry too much about the specs of your GPU. Benchmarks are pretty accurate at predicting their performance, but picking an aftermarket card (sometimes referred to as custom cards) can be tricky. Every Graphic Card design is reinterpreted by different manufacturers, offer different software and bios support, different thermal solutions and features.
Here's some of them:
About I/O shield: this is generally a concern for multi monitor setup, but you should always double check that the graphics card you are buying has the correct port for your monitor, be it HDMI, Display Port, DVI or VGA. Adapters exist, but are unreliable.
AMD and Nvidia have their own V-sync function, which must be supported by the monitor in the first place in order to work. AMD has Free Sync, and most monitors have this. Nvidia has G-Sync, and most monitors do not have this. Good news for Nvidia, though. They finally caved in and added support for Free Sync, but your monitor needs to have both Free Sync and Display Port 1.2 (well, most of them do, and you should always double check that).
The motherboard is the lymphatic system of your build. It draws power from the PSU to be carefully administered to your other components. Some people think that cheaping out on Motherboard is a good idea.
To a degree.
As long as your motherboard can handle your CPU power draw, is compatible with your RAM, has enough SATA ports for your storage, has a good number of USB ports and a decent BIOS, it is good to go. Easy right? ...well.
Here's some research you can do on your own:
Motherboard power draw is very hard to investigate, you need to rely on trusted reviewers (such as Buildzoid, Gamer Nexus, Hardware Unboxed) or tier lists on popular forums/sites/reddits.
Note that if you plan to overclock, you must have a good Motherboard.
Tip: the bulk of your work can be done automatically by PCPartPicker system builder. Pick your designated CPU, compatible motherboards will be already filtered. If you pick both CPU and motherboard, RAMs will also be filtered for compatibility.
While PCPartPicker exists, picking a compatible RAM is easy. Picking the right RAM is something else entirely.
First things first: do never, ever, buy a single stick of ram. You want 2 sticks of RAMs, which should be bought in pairs. I can't advice against buying 4 sticks of RAM, but make sure motherboard supports them or do some in depth research because system stability is at stake. Nowadays, 16gb of ram, rated 3200 to 3600 mhz, with a Cas Latency (CL) of 16 is the norm.
Ryzen CPUs are particularly sensitive to RAMs. As a rule of thumb you should get 3000-3200 mhz CL16 rams for Zen+, and 3200-3600 mhz CL16 rams for Zen2. You can get better rams, but there's no guarantee they will be stable if they are terribly overpowered for your Ryzen CPU (a good motherboard and a good overclocker might make anything stable with little compromise nevertheless). Lower latency RAMs usually cost more than higher frequency rams, but will not incur in such issues.
Here's benchmarks for 2 of the most popular CPUs:
Bottleneck is what happens when in a particular task, one of your component (RAM, CPU or GPU) is at the limit of its performance, while the others aren't. Let's cut to the chase: you can not avoid bottlenecking entirely. Bottleneck is hardware, software and settings dependant. You can not make the perfect match, you can only avoid a bad match.
This is extremely dependant on target resolution and refresh rate. CPU has the same workload at either 1080p or 4k. Meanwhile, a given GPU might give you perfect 144 fps at 1080p, and struggle to reach 75 at 4k. The higher your resolution is, the better your GPU needs to be. Conversely, if you know you are playing at 4k and can push 75 fps at most, CPU might aswell be slightly cheaper, because you ain't ever going to use it to its full extent. With consideration for the target resolution and refresh rate, the rule of thumb is: within a given generation of hardware, same range components will not bottleneck each other (a lot).
Let's say you are playing Cities Skyline at over 100k population. While not much really changed for your GPU, at that point your CPU is probably gasping for watts. Ouch.Let's say you are playing AC:Odyssey. Your GPU is probably working at breakneck pace while your CPU is scheduling her counseling (yup, graphics cards are a she).
The same CPU and the same GPU took turns bottlenecking each other, because the workload for each of them was uneven in each title. This is why if you play only a handful of titles it is a good idea to keep them in mind while you request help or figure out your build.
This is corollary to the previous point. Some specific settings are CPU and/or GPU intensity, and lowering them will make a big difference. This is just here to remind you that you do have some influence over bottleneck, and figuring out a sweet spot where both your CPU and GPU are working close to the same pace is a good idea.
You can crosscheck CPU/GPU bottleneck with this site but always keep in mind this is at best a rough estimate that feeds off algorithms, and you should never ever obsess over bottleneck unless you're breaking the rule of thumb (same generation, same tier, with resolution and refresh rate in mind):
Thermal Solutions
Air or water? The answer is: budget.
Air is cheap and reliable, meaning that in the worst case scenario a fan stops spinning and you replace it for 10-15€. Air has diminishing returns, meaning that throwing money at it is only going to help so much performance wise. When buying an air cooler, you need to check for its height to make sure it fits in your case and doesn't touch any other component (mostly happens with RAMs and rarely with Motherboard heat sinks).
Water is expensive, powerful but potentially unsafe. A bad installation, a loose bit, spilled water on a running motherboard, the recipe for disaster. Let's be clear here: water cooling your CPU is a perfectly valid solution (it's the best!), as long as your budget is right. You can't cheap out on a water cooler, because if it breaks or fails it will potentially kill your whole build. If you are going to buy a modest water cooler, my personal recommendation is to go for air instead: you are going to spend less and have literally the same performance. If you can spare more of your budget for water cooling, go ahead. Water cooling has a higher performance ceiling, which means less diminishing returns, which means that as long as you keep throwing money at it, it will get better.
TL;DR: low into mid range Air cooling wins, mid range to high range Water cooling wins.
This is an example of a benchmark between various air and water coolers:
What do high and low temperatures really mean for your hardware?
Every single piece of hardware is rated for a specific temperature. When it approaches that temperature, the hardware will start thermal throttling until eventually shutting down. You could call throttling underclocking but, at its core, it's a safety measure to prevent irreversible damage to your components. Most pieces of new hardware nowadays also have a "Boost" feature. This feature is effectively a dynamic, factory overclock, meant to push your hardware to its limit while the conditions (read: temperatures) are right. The lower your component temperature, the more it will boost.
Technically speaking, a CPU or a GPU boosting for less while temperatures are high, does not strictly qualify for throttling, but this is merely semantycs. The thing is, that not only your parts are safer, more stable, and will last longer while their temperatures are low. Your parts will also be undeniably faster. A good thermal solution is the safest overclock you can get!
Your entire build is at the mercy of the reliability of a single component: the PSU. There are standards that you should always look up to when buying a PSU, and the following is written with exactly those standards in mind, and with the intent of teaching you about them.
Before picking a PSU, you first have to figure out the peak power draw of your whole build. This figure is meant to represent how much power your system is going to use under a full synthetic load, while every component is stressed beyond what constitutes normal and even stressful non-synthetic operation. Figuring it out can be tricky and each part has its own caveats. The baseline is always CPU + GPU + a realistic static figure meant to represent the rest of the components. Let's see each of them:
While TDP is a decent baseline, it doesn't exactly refers to the peak power draw. TDP means Thermal Design Power, and it refers to the maximum amount of heat generated in Watts, which might or might not coincide with peak power draw. It's good practice to check for power consumption benchmarks of the CPU you are going to buy, although most of those benchmarks are done with the entire system power consumption figures. The real peak power draw of the CPU under extreme circumstances is rather nebulous. A good bet if you just can't find benchmarks is adding 50% to the TDP to account for synthetic benchmarks, and up to 75% to account for both synthetics and overclock (this figure might not hold up in extreme overclocking). This is a very conservative figure that will most likely cover the vast majority of CPUs. Still, some TDPs are hilariously underrated. I can not stress this enough: you must look for benchmarks for your CPU power draw. Even if you stumble upon a system power consumption, you can use that as a baseline if the build is anywhere near your own.
GPUs peak power draw are much more adherent to their rated TDP, but there's a reliable way to check it out. The Power Limit of every GPU is written in their own BIOS, of which we luckily have a database:
Search for Vendor, Brand and Model. Sometimes the entire range of the Power Limit is provided (minimum, stock, and maximum power draw), here's an example: RTX 2060. Sometimes it's just a single entry of Power Limit, and an Adjustment Range somewhere in there for you to figure out the minimum and maximum power draw, here's another example: RX 5600 XT. In this last example, you can read a nondescript "Total" under Power Limit and under Adjustment Range you can read "Power: -50% to +20%". This also gives you an accurate estimate of the extra power draw resulting from a software overclock.
Motherboard, RAMs, storage, fans and fans controllers, RGB, Water Pumps, WiFi, everything draws power, but it might be less than you would expect. Motherboards draw at most 10W, the biggest RAMs barely reach 10W per stick, SSD/M.2/HDD are in the ballpark of 2-5W. The peak power draw of all components of your system, except for CPU and GPU, is at the very most 50W. And that's a conservative figure, meant to account for the impossible case in which you somehow can push every single thing in your system to its limit.
So there it is, add up the power draw from CPU and GPU, then the static figure (50W), and that's your baseline. Well done! Now add about 25% and up to 40% to that figure depending on your anxiety levels, and that's the capacity you need to look for in your PSU. Not convinced? Check for power consumption benchmarks from reputable sources, they list the entire system setup, and then test the power consumption of the whole system at the socket. Even if the entire system is not exactly the same as yours, you can scale things up or down intuitevely researching those components.
Now, let's move onto PSUs.
PSUs have 3 main characteristics:
The rated capacity expressed in Watts refers to the stable point of continuous power delivery. In truth, most PSUs will handle much more power than that, this limit is commonly referred to as Peak or Maximum Power. For example, my PSU is rated at 550W, but benchmarks have shown it's peak power to be over 700W.
Good PSUs are very efficient. 80 Plus has taken it upon themselves to test the efficiency of most of the PSUs ever made. 80 Plus badges range from White (ew) to Titanium (ow). A 80 Plus Bronze is the absolute least I would settle for, but it's not a guarantee that you're buying a good PSU. Gold is a good standard, and most PSU that come with that badge are pretty good.
Quantitative data is not enough, not every PSU is born equal, and they will differ for quality. You can't possibly figure out the quality of a PSU without buying, testing, benching, and taking it apart. Luckily, some people on the internet have already done that for you. Refer to the resources down here to research for a PSU that fits your needs.
Revisioned with the unvaluable help of u/GallantGentleman, the conversation took place here.
A case is not merely cosmetic. A good case will support multiple fan configurations, have great cable management, and most importantly will fit all your components. Once you account for all of that, you can pick a case based on your taste. So here's what to consider before you even begin to care about aesthetics.
A few words or airflow. Positive and negative pressure are a measure of how much air is getting in your case versus how much air is getting out of your case. If you push more air out, it's negative pressure. If you push more air in, it's positive pressure.
Based on my own tests and everything I could find on the internet about it, I firmly believe positive air pressure is better than negative air pressure. Not only dust filters are going to keep your case dust free for longer while you have positive pressure, it is also that much better for GPU temps. Negative air pressure is still valid, I simply think it is inferior.

Now Build It!

Let's help the guy who requested help earlier.
Hello, I own a 1440p/75hz monitor, I want to play AAA titles at ultra and my budget is about 1200€. I prefer AMD, want RGB (unless it's over my budget), and have a mid tower UL7R4 C00L PC case themed red. I also need some advice on water cooling.
He wants to play AAA/ultra at 1440p/75hz. Let's assume he lives in Europe. A 2060 Super or a 2070 super will do him good. Let's check benchmarks: . Well, the 2060s could keep up with that for the time being, but if there's any budget headroom, a 2070 super would do him better.
Now let's pair his GPU to a decent CPU. He needs to push at least 75 fps in the most demanding games. GPUcheck says R5 3600 will not bottleneck the 2070, which is cool, but gpucheck is good at a sight, you still need to check crossbenchmarks if you can find any, in this case you should look for the difference between 3600+2060s and 3600+2070s at 1440p. Here's something:
2070s + 3600 @ 2k*1440p (ultrawide) + 3600 @ 1440p
All fine. 2070s can handle 1440p/75hz like a breeze and will max anything you throw at it for the next 2-3 years.
I'll just put the CPU and GPU in PCPartPicker, put a Tomahawk because it works with literally anything, and grab the best rams for a R5 3600 and the most reliable PSU I can find.
There, within budget.
Does it even matter that there's no case? I mean you can stretch a bit, right? Right?

Revisioned on 21/07/2020. Some formatting fix, expanded Thermal Solutions, revisioned the entire PSU section with the help of u/GallantGentleman. Thank you all for the support, criticism, advices, and the awards! This guide is now over, and hopefully it will help anyone who stumbles upon it.
submitted by Cozzolino92 to buildapc [link] [comments]

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